Situated in the southeast of Chengdu Plain, Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province – home town of Giant Panda, got many pleasant titles in history such as the “City of Hibiscus” and the “City of Brocade” for the famous local brocade weaving.
Chengdu is a cradle of the glorious Shuhan culture. The Jinsha Relic demonstrates that the capital of Ancient Shu Kingdom was there, 4,000 years ago. Comparing with Zhongyuan culture (the culture of the Central China) in the same period, it shares similarities but meanwhile has a unique style. In the West Han Dynasty, Wen Weng, the governor of Shu started the first official school, the Shishi School in Chengdu. It is the hometown of Sima Xiangru, a famous prose writer in Han Dynasty, Yang Xiong, a litterateur, and Yan Jupin, a Taoist. Myriads of poets and scholars in Tang Dynasty such as Li Bai, Du Fu, Bai Juyi, Yuan zhen, Gao Shi, Cen Ceng, Liu Yuxi, Zhang Ji, Du Mu, Xue Tao, a famous female poet as well as many litterateurs in Song Dynasty such as the Su Dongpo, Lu You, Huang Tingjian all composed and created large quantity of poems and classics in Chengdu. It is hence endowed with rich cultural heritage. The over 2000-year-old Dujiangyan Irrigation Project was novel in design and advanced in technology to control water without a dam. The city also houses many famous historic sites such as The Temple of Marquis Wu, The Thatched Cottage of Du Fu, the Yongling Mausoleum, the Qingyang Temple, the Wangjiang Tower, the Baoguang Temple and the Wenshu Temple etc. The Sichuan cuisine restaurants, the delicious snacks and tea houses can be found everywhere in the city. The Sichuan Opera, the dulcimer and Qingyin (a local ballad-singing) with local features are heard in the city.
Early in the 19th century, Goodall, a French traveler had highly praised it as the “Oriental Paris” and in the eyes of modern people, it is an alluring city that makes you reluctant to leave.