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Bazhong

Bazhong City is situated in the northeast rim of Sichuan basin, bordering Hanzhong in Shanxi in the north. Bazhong boasts of peculiar mountains and beautiful rivers, once being the habitat of ancient Ba tribe and old revolution foothold as well as the former revolution base. The special geographic location and cultural relics form the unique touring resource in the city. Guangwu Mountain, the fairy land on earth, boasts of mountain ranges and several waterfalls; the underground wonder, thousands of limestone caves in Nuoshui River are full of wit and novelty; Chinese Bermuda “Wanzige” is fantastic and magic; and the precious tree Shuiqinggang is only can be seen here in the world. The remarkable land of Bazhong nurtures many outstanding people and has a long history, also with the culture of Ba People dating back to a long time ago, the battle filed relics of Three Kingdoms Period still remained; the lingering charm of stone carving in prosperous Tang Dynasty, and Red Army's footsteps full of Mountain Ba. The terrain in Bazhong is higher in the north and lower in the south, the lowest altitude is 208.3 m while the highest is 2,507 m. It boasts of the subtropical humid climate, with distinctive weather and abundant rainfall as well as appropriate sunshine. The special geographic location and climate bring up the unique wonderful scenery.
With the history dating back to a long time ago, Bazhong has appeared human's activities since primitive society. In ancient times, Bazhong belonged to the area of Yugongliang State; and in Spring and Autumn Period, it belonged to the Kingdom Ba; in Qin and West Han Dynasties, it was called Ba Prefecture. During the years of Yongyuan under the reign of Emperor Hedi of East Han Dynasty (89-105 AD), it was named Hanchang County. In the sixth year of Jian'an Period in East Han Dynasty (201 AD), it belonged to Baxi Prefecture, and then Dangliang, Guihua and Dagu Prefectures. In the third year of Yanchang of Emperor Xuanwu's reign in Northern Wei of Northern Dynasties, it was first called Bazhou. Bazhong was called state, prefecture and counties alternatively and repeatedly, and the history of being the county has reached 1910 years, the prefecture 1789 years and the state 1485 years. It belonged to Daxian Area since the foundation of PRC, and being Bazhong Area with the permission of State Council in 1993, and Bazhong City in December the 28th in 2000. Bazhong occupies an area of 12,301 km², among which the rate of arable land counts 14%; the forest coverage rate reaches 37.19%, and it is crowned the Green Treasury. The total population in Bazhong is 3,620,000.  Bazhong is a place that the predecessors early exploited and constructed. It is said that the oldest aboriginals in northeast Sichuan lived here in “Fuxi” Period in the legend. Before Zhou Dynasty, the Ba Nationality who lived in Zhongli Mountain in Wuluo (the northwest of Changyang in present Hubei Province), with Linjun as the famous leader, attacked Bazhong and expanded to East Sichuan, and then many people of Ba Nationality inhabited in Bazhong. With few people of ancient Ba Nationality left after several battles, they were gradually assimilated by Han Nationality and formed the characteristics today: with Han Nationality as the majority, and other nationalities living together in Bazhong. The religious activities in Bazhong dated back to Two Jin Dynasties and Southern and Northern Dynasties, reaching the climax in Sui and Tang Dynasties, which can be seen and inferred according to various Moya Statues and inscriptions. As for the scale, evolution and influence, Buddhism is the most popular religion comparing with Taoism, Catholicism and Islam. And Nankan Stone Carving is the essence of religious culture as well as the witness of religious history in Bazhong. Since 1993, 2 billion Yuan has been invested to renovate the city's main roads and those to the scenic spots, forming the dimensional transportation pattern with second-grade Biaomei Road as the mainstay and roads in the counties and villages as well as to the scenic spots as the network.
The city has employed FDSL, and the communication companies like China Telecom, China Mobile, China Unicom, CNC, etc. have gradually enter Bazhong market; the telephone approachable rate in village is 85.7%. The touring resources in Bazhong can be described as “Red, Green, and Feature”. “Red” is the Red Army's culture with the second biggest Soviet Area of Revolution Base among Sichuan and Shanxi as the example, forming the stirring revolution base tour; “Green” is the green treasury with the primitive zoology as the keynote and abundant animal and plant resources as the support, forming the refreshing holiday leisure tour; “Feature” is with the resource of Karst terrain represented by Guangwu Mountain and Karst cave wonder represented by Nuoshui River, forming knowledge and wit increasing tour of expedition and appreciation. The touring resources in the city integrate natural beauty, historical sites, revolution relics and customs, forming an ideal visiting place with various scenic spots and sceneries.

Bazhong
The Museum of Chuan-Shan Revolutionary Base
Memorial of the Headquarter Site of the No. 4 Red Army
The site of Red Army's Chuanshan Revolutionary Base
The Site of Kongshan Military Conference
The Red Army's Trench
Nuoshui River, National Scenic Spot
Zhongfeng Cave
Lion Cave
Songjia Cave
Longhu Cave
Loufang (building)Cave
Jintong (golden boy) Mountain
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