Located in the northwest of Sichuan Basin and the upper reaches of the Fujiang River, Mianyang City links Chengdu Plain at south and Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong Valleys at west and is adjacent to Jianmen Pass at north, it was called the “Throat of Roads to Sichuan” historically, and is always a place attracting numerous tourists in west Sichuan. Mianyang with a total area of 20,285km², the total population of 5.29 million, governs 2 areas 1 city 6 counties.
Mianyang has a subtropical humid climate, a pleasant weather. Mianyang is very suitable for travel, as it is neither cold in winter nor hot in summer. The mountain climate in the northwest of the city takes on a vertical distribution. One can experience the climate of subtropical, warm, subfrigid, and frigid zone from the bottom to the top of the mountain. That is to say, all climates except that of tropic zone in the Northern Hemisphere can be found there. In the same mountain, tourists may experience different climates from south to north and from summer to winter, which greatly satisfies their demands to enjoy various resources of weather and tourism. Though a summer resort it is, people can also enjoy snow there in winter.
As a multi-ethnic area, Mianyang has 40 ethnic groups living in the region, with the population of Han nationality accounting for 96.9% of the total population and Qiang, Tibetan, Hui nationality as the main minorities. It can be described as “People of all nationalities live together, minorities have their own settlement and meanwhile mingle with other nationalities.” With a long history, the city is a place cultivating a lot of great men. 20,000 years ago, there were hominid living in Mianyang and 5,000 years ago, there were still remains of Neolithic times in the Biandui Mountain within the city area. According to historical records, Mianyang has a history over 2,200 years as Fuxian County was formally established in the sixth year of Emperor Gao in Han Dynasty (201 BC). In 585 AD, the name of Fuxian County was changed into Mianzhou, which is renamed as Mianyang in the modern history. It is one of the areas that witnessed earlier development in Sichuan Basin. After the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with the emergence of electronic industries, the state built a cluster of electronic enterprises there in 1958, so a number of enterprises and scientific research institutes of electronic industry were put into operation in Mianyang. In the mid-1960s’, a number of enterprises and scientific research institutes of military industry in national defense were built in the city with the development of San Xian Construction. After 1980s', headquarters of China Academy of Engineering Physics chose the suburb area of the city to build the Science City, thus the strength of science and technology of city has been largely enhanced, which gives Mianyang the name of the City of Science and Technology in China. Mianyang serves as an important conjunction of transportation in the northwest of Sichuan. A transportation network radiating in all directions has been formed with 261 km city roads, Baoji-Chengdu Railway, Chengdu-Mianyang Expressway and Mianyang-Guangyuan Expressway, Mianyang-Chongqing high-quality road, and other 5 high-quality roads connecting counties and cities. Sichuan Mianyang Airport which has been put into operation is the nearest civil airport to Jiuzhaigou Valley presently. Air flights to major cities of the country has been opened including the ones from Mianyang to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Haikou, Wuhan, Chongqing, Xi'an, and Guiyang. In addition, Mianyang and Suining will work jointly on the construction of Mianyang-Suining Expressway, which is the significant support of infrastructure for the ring road of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone. Therefore, a triangle of expressways connecting Chengdu, Mianyang and Chongqing will be formed to achieve the goal of providing access to sea and river. The city is of rich resources in nature and ecology, a profound history of humanities, unique scenery of Tibetan and Qiang Nationalities and advanced technologies of industries. These four resources of tourism can be found in one city, which is rare in China even in the world. Tourism resources of the city vary with one another with its own characteristics. The natural landscape includes Douchuan Mountain which is unique in Sichuan, Wanglang－the back of Jiuzhaigou, Qianfo Mountain of thousand Buddhas and sea of azalea, Cave of the Ape King, White Dragon Palace, Buddha Cave, Jinguang Cave, four of which are a splendor of geology of water-eroded caves, Luban Lake, Baishui Lake, Emerald Lake, Fariy Lake, and Erlang Gorge. The unique human landscape includes the places where the Yellow Emperor's Queen Leizu was born, where the water-control hero Dayu was born, and where the Poetic God of Tang Dynasty Libai was born, Qiqu Mountain of Wenchang Court, and historical sites left by celebrities from generation to generation such as Du Fu, Ouyang Xiu, Wentong, Li Diaoyuan, Sha Ting, Hai Deng, and Deng Jiaxian－the founder of “two nuclear weapons”. It also boasts of the colorful life of Qiang Nationality and Baima Tibetan Nationality. There are 4 historical and cultural cities (towns), 5 Cultural-heritage Units under state-level Protection, 37 Cultural-heritage Units under Provincial and Municipal Levels Protection, over 70 pieces entitled national First-class Cultural Relics such as Big Bronze Horse, Money Tree, and the figurine of ballad-singing, which are national treasures. Also located in Mianyang are some well-known natural zoos and botanical museums such as Wanglang Natural Reserve, Xiaozhaizi Valley Natural reserve, and more than 10 state or provincial level forest parks where over 10 kinds of animals under State First-class Protection live including giant pandas and golden monkeys. The scenic areas which are the combination of natural landscape, history and culture are Fule Mountain, Xishan Mountain, Fule Hall, South Lake, and Ancient Shu Road to Sichuan from Jianmen Pass. The Science City－the China Academy of Engineering Physics is an important composition of tourism resources too. The whole city can be divided into three functional areas of tourism from north to south: natural ecology and ethnic cultures can be seen in the north, business conference & recreation facilities are mainly found in the middle, and the south is mainly involved in cultural sightseeing.